Militaryfocus.com on osprey books. The original forced conversion of pagan Livonia, what is now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, was carried out by a military order known as the Brethren of the Sword. Osprey Fortress 19 : Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (2) : The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia 1185-1560
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Osprey Fortress 19 : Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (2) : The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia 1185-1560

The original forced conversion of pagan Livonia, what is now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, was carried out by a military order known as the Brethren of the Sword. In 1236 this order was incorporated into the Teutonic Knights following a catastrophic military defeat. The knights had always consolidated their conquests through networks of castles and fortified places, and the Livonian Chapter of the Teutonic Order built castles of stone. This book covers the developmental and operational history of these fortresses over the length of the Middle Ages. It details how the Baltic fortifications of the Teutonic Knights evolved to reflect the changing nature of siege warfare and the increasing dominance of gunpowder in warfare. Text by Stephen Turnbull with illustrations by Peter Dennis.

    Contents
  • Introduction
  • Chronology
  • Design and Development
  • Tour of the Sites
  • The Principles of Defence
  • The Living Sites
  • Operational History
  • Aftermath
  • The Sites Today
  • Bibliography and Further Reading
  • Glossary
  • Index


The books in this series are;
Fortress 11 : Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (1) : The Red Brick Castles of Prussia 1230-1466
Fortress 19 : Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights (2) : The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia 1185-1560

 

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