Militaryfocus.com on osprey books. The Crusaders that landed in the Middle East in the late-11th century brought with them their own traditions of military architecture, but it was not long before their defensive construction began to reflect a broad array of local influences. Osprey Fortress 21 : Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097-1192
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Osprey Fortress 21 : Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097-1192

The Crusaders that landed in the Middle East in the late-11th century brought with them their own traditions of military architecture, but it was not long before their defensive construction began to reflect a broad array of local influences. Most early Crusader structures were relatively small, and tended to increase the existing natural and defensive features of a site. The basic forms comprised freestanding towers, castra, and hilltop and spur-castles, but urban centres, religious sites and rural dwellings were also fortified. From the 1160s, bigger, stronger and more expensive castles began to appear, in response to developments in Islamic siege weaponry. This book, the first of several on Crusader fortifications, examines the early fortifications erected by the Crusaders in modern-day Israel, the Palestinian territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and south-eastern Turkey. Text by David Nicolle with illustrations by Adam Hook.

    Contents
  • Introduction
  • Chronology
  • Design and Development
  • The Principles of Defence
  • A Tour of Five Crusader Castles
  • Feudal, Religious and Urban Defences
  • The Fortifications at War
  • The Fate of the Fortifications
  • Visiting the Fortifications Today
  • Further Reading
  • Glossary
  • Index


The books in this series are;
Fortress 21 : Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097-1192
Fortress 32 : Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1192-1302

 

Osprey Fortress


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