Militaryfocus.com on osprey books.  Napoleon, fed up with Portugal's non-compliance to his Continental System which was aimed at isolating Britain, ordered the invasion of Britain's oldest ally in November 1807. The French Osprey Campaign 90 : Vimeiro 1808 : Wellesley's First Victory in the Peninsular
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Osprey Campaign 90 : Vimeiro 1808 : Wellesley's First Victory in the Peninsular

Napoleon, fed up with Portugal's non-compliance to his Continental System which was aimed at isolating Britain, ordered the invasion of Britain's oldest ally in November 1807. The French occupation was harsh and in 1808 the Portuguese revolted, some of the French occupiers fleeing in confusion. In August 1808, a 14,000-man British army landed at Figura da Foz, (which had been recaptured by the students of Coimbra University) under the future Duke of Wellington, Sir Arthur Wellesley. General Andoche Junot had 25,000 French troops in Portugal but these were scattered trying to contain the Portuguese. A 6,000-strong French force under General de Laborde was sent against the British. Wellesley outmanoeuvred his opponent and, at Rolia on 17 August, defeated the French. The surprised French mustered a further 13,000 men and hoped to defeat the British quickly as more troops were arriving from England. Junot met Wellesley (16,000 British, 2,000 Portuguese) at Vimeiro on 21 August. The French attacks were badly conceived and disjointed, and were routed by Wellesley's army. With the arrival of General Dalrymple to take overall command the notorious Convention of Cintra was negotiated, which allowed for the defeated French troops to be evacuated on British ships with baggage and loot intact rather than being forced to surrender. This agreement which Wellesley accepted only with the greatest reluctance, led to the disgrace of his superiors. Nevertheless, the shock-waves of Vimeiro were felt across Europe. The previously invincible French had been defeated by Wellesley's Anglo-Portuguese army, Portugal liberated, and a vital foothold secured from which to prosecute the war in the Peninsular. Text by René Chartrand with illustrations by Patrice Courcelle.

    Contents
  • Origins of the Campaign
  • Chronology
  • Opposing Commanders
  • Opposing Armies
  • Opposing Plans
  • Junots French Invasion and Occupation of Portugal
  • The 1808 Revolt
  • Wellesley Arrives
  • The Battle of Rolia
  • The Battle of Vimiero
  • Aftermath
  • the Convention of Cintra
  • The Battlefields Today
  • Bibliography
  • Index

 

Osprey Campaign


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