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Osprey Campaign 88 : Operation Cobra 1944 : Breakout from Normandy
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Osprey Campaign 88 : Operation Cobra 1944 : Breakout from Normandy

Following the D-Day landings in Normandy on 6 June 1944 the Allied forces found themselves facing determined German resistance in the ideal defensive country of the Normandy bocage. A grim war of attrition gradually expanded the beachhead and Caen, an objective for D-Day itself was finally taken on 13 July. However, much of the German armour had been drawn to the British section of the front and General Omar Bradley's US First Army was preparing for a breakthrough in the area of St.Lo. On 25 July Bradley launched his attack preceded by carpet bombing by long-range bombers that dropped 4,200 tons of explosives. In the face of heavy resistance Major General Collins VII Corps through Coutances to Avranches. Now General Patton's Third Army hurtled through the gap in the German lines at Avranches. While his troops poured into Brittany and south to the Loire, First Army turned east. It was briefly halted by a determined German counter-attack at Mortain which was aimed at Avranches. Personally ordered by Hitler it aimed to isolate Third Army and then turn north and crush the beachhead. With the aid of Allied air power and reinforcements diverted by Bradley the attack was held. Meanwhile the British in the north and the Americans from the southwest were closing the pincers on the German forces in Normandy. As the Falaise pocket closed desperate German forces attempted to flee eastwards. 10,000 Germans were killed and 50,000 more captured as the German army in the West disintegrated. A pursuit began which would only halt on the borders of Belgium when the Allies outran their supply lines. Text by Steven Zaloga with illustrations by Tony Bryan.

    Contents
  • Origins of the Campaign
  • Chronology
  • Opposing Commanders
  • Opposing Armies
  • Opposing Plans
  • The Breakout at St. Lo
  • Third Army Unleashed
  • The Avranches Counterattack
  • The Falaise Pocket
  • Aftermath
  • Bibliography
  • Index

 

Osprey Campaign


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